The Fruits and Vegetables in Kham Plateau

Culture

The ginseng fruit growing in the plateau is called Cuoma in Tibetan language. It is a perennial herb and it ...

The ginseng fruit growing in the plateau is called "Cuoma" in Tibetan language. It is a perennial herb and it grows in the roots of ginseng. It is purple and similar to peanuts.

When Tibetan people get married, the groom regards it as an auspicious thing which means longevity and give it to bride to eat. If a women gives birth to a child, they will eat cooked ginseng fruit with yogurt on it. Ginseng fruit is also a good choice of gift. When guests come, Tibetan people will invite the guests to eat the washed and cleaned ginseng fruit in a bowl with sugar mixed with fresh melted butter, which means best wishes.

The inhabitants of Garze Tibetan prefecture grows and produces radish, potato, cabbage, and yuangen (a plateau plant). The river valley area is used to grow and produce pepper, cabbage, onion, garlic, green beans, etc. The east and south of Kham cultivates pears, apples and walnut.

Potato is most common vegetable in Tibet. In winter, people make the leaf of yuangen into pickles, which can be preseved for a long time. The Yutong area in Kangding is famous for its pickles. There is a saying “Three days without eating pickles, one can’t even walk straight.” Additionally, mushroom, fiddlehead, wild leek, nettle, wild fennel and vivi vegetables (local product) are often eaten by local people. Fruits like ginkgo, sorb, and maxuanzi (local product) are commonly consumed. Since the reform and opening up, fresh vegetables and fruits are more plentiful than before.

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